October 16, 2021 4 min read
There are a variety of health problems associated with marijuana use, including heart and lung disease and mental disorders.
Regular smoking of marijuana can cause irritation to the lungs.
A study showed that those who smoke marijuana but don't smoke tobacco are more likely to have health problems and miss work more often than those who do not. This is mainly due primarily to their respiratory ailments. It is unknown if marijuana smoking increases the risk of developing lung cancer.
Studies also show that smoking marijuana can increase the heart rate by between 20 and 100 percent within minutes of starting to smoke. This effect can last for up to three hours. According to one study, marijuana users have a 4.8-fold increased risk of having a heart attack within the first hour. This risk is higher for those who are older and have cardiac problems.
Numerous studies have linked chronic marijuana use to mental illness. Some users may experience a temporary psychotic reaction when they consume high doses of marijuana. Schizophrenia patients may also be affected by the effects of marijuana. Studies that have been conducted over a long period of time show a connection between marijuana use and psychosis.
Other mental health issues, like:
To better understand the mental health connections and their ramifications, more research is required.
Pregnancy marijuana use is linked to an increased risk of neurobehavioral issues in babies. THC and other chemicals mimic the body's endocannabinoid chemical, so marijuana use during pregnancy can cause brain damage in the baby. The child may experience problems with attention, memory, and problem solving.
It has been proven that heavy marijuana users can have a negative effect on brain development. These effects can last for a long time, or even be permanent. An examination of adolescents who had used the drug as a teenager revealed a marked decrease in connectivity in brain areas responsible for memory and learning. Long-term studies in New Zealand found that those who smoked marijuana heavily as teens experienced a loss of eight points in intelligence between the ages of 13 and 38. The cognitive skills lost were not fully recovered in adults who stopped smoking marijuana. IQ declines were not seen in adults who began smoking marijuana.
In addition, marijuana can impair judgment and motor coordination which increases the risk of an accident or death. According to data analysis, marijuana usage more than doubles the driver's chance of being involved in an accident. Similar findings suggest that marijuana combined with alcohol can cause more impairment than either substance.
Since the World War II film " Reefer Madness", which depicted marijuana as dangerous and destructive, the conversation about marijuana has been more nuanced.
Its pain-relieving qualities make it an ideal replacement for pain medication. The states that legalized medical marijuana saw a 25% drop in deaths due to an overdose of pain medication.
Sometimes, marijuana can be used to replace stronger drugs in healthy individuals. Amanda Reiman PhD, policy manager at the California office of Drug Policy Alliance and lecturer at University of California Berkeley shed light on the trend.
She conducted a 2009 study on medical marijuana users:
They gave these reasons:
Contrary to popular belief, marijuana can be addictive. According to research, approximately nine percent of marijuana users will develop addiction. An estimated nine percent of users develop addiction when they start using the drug young (an estimated 17%) and those who continue to use it daily (an estimate 25-50 percent).
People who have become dependent on cannabis may feel withdrawal symptoms when trying to quit using it. People who have tried to quit cannabis use for a long time may experience withdrawal symptoms like irritability and sleeplessness. They also report decreased appetite and drug cravings. These symptoms can be difficult to stop using the drug. Treatment and rehabilitation for marijuana addiction has been successful with behavioral interventions such as cognitive-behavioral treatment and motivational incentives (e.g., giving vouchers for goods and services to those who are abstinent). Although there are no current medications for marijuana addiction, the latest discoveries regarding the endocannabinoid systems offer promise in the development of medications that can ease withdrawal symptoms, prevent relapse, and block the drug's addictive effects.
Most often, addiction to marijuana is diagnosed in adolescence and young adulthood. The addiction rate may rise in older adults due to recent trends towards greater acceptance of marijuana use by the society and the availability of medical and recreational forms of the drug. Like other drug addictions, marijuana addiction can be signaled by physical and behavioral signs. This is known medically as cannabis use disorder.
These behavioral changes are:
You may also see these signs of marijuana misuse, addiction and abuse:
A number of symptoms can be associated with long-term drug abuse, including withdrawal symptoms. These usually appear within one week after stopping using marijuana. The most common signs of marijuana withdrawal are:
You may experience physical symptoms like abdominal pain, shaking/tremors and sweating.
Many of these withdrawal symptoms can mimic other problems and conditions, so it is important to have an addiction professional assess the situation.
The treatment options for marijuana addiction are similar to those for other addictions, such as alcoholism and other drugs. Effective treatment options for addiction include scientifically validated therapies like Twelve Step Facilitation, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Enhancement Therapy, and other evidence-based approaches. This depends on the individual's circumstances, drug abuse, and treatment needs.
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